1812 Census for Charmouth

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We are very fortunate to have a link with the village over 200 years ago in the form of a Census carried out in 1812. When I originally saw the list of names with a description of their occupations in the Parish Records kept at the Family History Centre in Dorchester, I wasn't sure what relevance it had as their was no heading or year to it. But since then, with my researches on the village history I realise it is an early Census. By collating lists for the Poor Rates, Land Taxes and Burials for Charmouth, I can accurately place it at the end of 1812. For amongst the list of names is a Peter Clapcott, who is shown as dying on 28th June 1813. His Will is amongst a number that have survived from the people recorded on the List.
Closer study of the Census shows it to be the occupants of the houses that were in the village, as there is reference to a house, where Mrs. Mary Tozer lived as being void. Many of the inhabitants rented their properties from wealthy landowners, who lived elsewhere and hence do not appear on the list. The Poor Rates and Land Taxes for  the Year 1812 supply this information, but often leave out the occupants, especially if there are a number in the same building and is grouped together as "others". This is where the Census is exiting as it gives the number if Males and Females in each House. It also describes the occupation of the main person. I was particularly exited to find that Joseph Bradbeer was described as a Post Master. He would have been running his business from what is Nisa( Charmouth Stores), which shows it have been a shop for over 2 centuries. Almost every trade was represented and included Dress maker, Butcher, Carpenter,Shoe Maker,Fisherman,Builder, Dairyman,Baker,Taylor,Blacksmith and Surgeon. There were also three Inns at that time, which were the Fountain run by George Harvey and owned by Squire Gordon, who the following year closed it down and lived in it what is today Charmouth House. The George was owned by Samuel Gundry, who ran his brewery from the old building that still forms part of Palmers Brewery at Bridport. The tenant was Richard Hawkins. The largest of the Inns was the 3 Crowns whose landlord was Richard Clemoes, it's name was later to change to the Mail Coach Inn and finally the Coach and Horses. There are four men and five women shown as living there at that time.  
If we were to go back two centuries we would be surprised to see that the village had its own industry in the shape of Sail Making. For three of these business men are revealed on the list, they are William Burnard, George Webber's widow  and Jacob Ridley Kitt. They all rented or owned many of the fields in the village which would have been covered with Flax,the staple for their trade. The largest at that time was Kitts,which stood on the site of Charmouth Lodge,but at the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815, was also the year that they went bankrupt with the decline in sails for shipping.  
The village had been centred along the Street for many centuries and the majority of those on the list were living along it. Both Lower and Higher Sea Lane were surrounded by fields, with few buildings. John Robins who appears in the list had recently built the  fine three storey. Sea Horse House in Rocket Lane as the latter was called then. Old Lyme Hill had a number of buildings along it, including the Poor House and the cottages where the Gordges lived.  
There were a number of farms surrounding the Street, the largest of which had been Charmouth Manor Farm, which had been bought by Lieutenant James Warden in 1788 and he kept the  fields to the South of The Street, which became known as Sea Lands. Those fields to the north were bought by the village Curate, Rev. Brian Combes and became known as Back Lands. By 1812, James daughter, Ann Liddon is renting them to John Harris, who appears as a Farmer on the list. Brian Combes, appears as the largest Land Owner and is renting his farm and other properties to some of the people who appear on the list. He is Rector of Catherston and although Curate for Charmouth, does the work of the absentee Rector, Rev Audain,who has quite a colourful life. Another clergyman, Reverend Puddicombe, the vicar of Branscombe, has inherited Wood Farm from his sister, Elizabeth, wife of James Warden. Mary Newton, William Burnard and William Palmer, who appear in the list are renting property from him. William Burnard runs his business from the  Mill buildings. William Browning, a coach man living in building opposite, owned by Frances, son of Joseph Bradbeer who share part of it and runs his Post Office from there.
The Mail and two other coaches pass daily through Charmouth from London to Plymouth, it being the Great Western Road Bathing Machines are kept on the beach during the summer season, for the accommodation of the company who resort to this truly pleasant and healthy spot - advert in 1810.

The original List in the Parish records is shown below:
                                                 
Surname Christian Occupation M. F. Age     Land tax 1812 land tax 1830 dir. 1815 poor 1832 Poor 1841 Census           View Record          
Baker Jacob Shoemaker 6 1 53 abt 1759 27 Jan 1843       2   Jacob   Baker renting house from Combes       Samuel Jacob Baker   Baptism 27 Mar 1796 Jacob, Elizabeth
Biles Joseph Laborer 2 2 22 abt 1790 14 May 1855 1782               Mary Biels 22 Mar 1812   Baptism 27 Mar 1796 Charmouth Jacob,    
Bradbeer Joseph Post Master 1 1 60 abt 1752 1 Apr 1821 1799- 1817   Lydia 4     66,96 1821 will Joseph Bradbeer 16 Mar 1806 Lydia            
Bragge William Surgeon 2 3 36 1776 1825 1810 - 1815 1/9d Gent. 6   Elixabeth   1825 will William Bragge, surgeon if Kingsdown, Bristol, son of Nicholas Bragge, Licius Bragge buys Well head in 1784                
Browning Thomas Coach Man 1 1       1811 - 1814   5/8d           Rents part if building from thoams Bradbeer                
Bagg Robert Laborer 3 2 26 1786             Mary   Charmouth Robert Bagg( Wootton Fitzapaine 25 Dec 1805 Mary Independent, Charmouth, Dorset, England          
Bull John Gentleman 2 1   abt 1803 19 Jun 1880 1810- 1817 3/8d Melbourne house 3       1822. Will Leaves to niece,Sarah Shiles, daughter of sister,Betty and Henry Shiles house and gardens in Charmouth. He bought Well Head in 1808 for 600 from Rev. Brian Coombes.rents from Srah Webber                
Bullen Simeon Gentleman 3 3 63 1749 1822 1804 - 1820 7/4d   6     56,223 1823 will He owned substantial property in Stoke Abbot, Chideocok, Marshwood, Beffersland and Catherston                
Burnard William Sail Cloth Maker 1 3 34 1778   1799 - 1832 7/7d William 6     37,42, etc 1844 will           View Record      
Butcher William Taylor 1 3 53 abt 1759 18 Sep 1822 1788               William Butcher married Hannah Board in 1779 22 Sep 1814       Samuel Jacob Baker      
Channing Major Gentleman 2 4 60 abt 1752 9 May 1817 1803 - 1815 3/8d   12       1817 will   View Record           Charmouth  
Channon Maria Miss   2 61 1751   1804 - 1832 1/10d   4       1836 will Buried in United Church yard, aged 80 in 1831         Elizabeth      
Clapcott Peter Gentleman 2 2 83 abt 1729 28 Jun 1813 1799 - 1814 7/4d           1813 will 1 Jul 1813                
Clarke Mrs Widow 1 5 37 1775 12 Feb 1864           Sarah   Sarah Clarke Widow of rev.clarke?                
Clemoes John Inn Keeper 4 5 35 1777 5 Sep 1823 1811- 1823             John Clemoes died in Bridport in 1826                  
Coles William Baker 2 3 30 abt 1782 4 Feb 1816 1810 - 1816   Frances 4     47,226   William Cole married Frances Diment in 1807. He rents a house from rev. Brian Combes 24 Mar 1807 Frances Independent, Charmouth, Dorset, England          
Coombes Brian Curate 2 3 54 1758 1818 1793-1811     6       1818 will                  
Cook Robert (Ann) Widow   2 25 1797 1819           Ester     Robert Cook of Thorncombe marries Ann Roper of Charmouth in 1780                
Cook Amasa Carpenter 1 3 63     1811-1822 3/8d Mill View 3     212 Amasa Cook baptised 1761. He is shown as owning his own cottage Baptism                
Cozens William Laborer 2 3 56 abt 1756 15 Jul 1838 1808         James 87     Clapcott Peter   Dorset Family Centre Administration      
Cozens Thomas Shoemaker 4 5 50 abt 1762 11 Mar 1829 1817-1822     1   Joseph   Cousins View Record                
Dark Richard Laborer 1 4 30         Elizabeth born 1771, widow       100,76 Richard DArk married Sarah Jefford in 1807. Thomas Dark owns a house in 1815                  
Diment Benjamin Blacksmith 4 2 28 1784 5 Feb 1858     Waterloo house 1   Benjamin 74 He is shown as owning his own house and shop                  
Diment Henry Baker 2 3 51 abt 1761 25 Nov 1831 1817   Baker 2       Owns his house                  
Edmonds Mrs     3       1826-7     4       Harriett Edmonds marries in 1818                  
Edwards Mary Widow 1 2             2   Elizabeth(92)                      
Edwards William Butcher 3 3 47 1765   1793-1822     7       William Newberry Edwards appears in 1807 Poll Book. In 1815 he owns a large house, Farrs and 3 Crowns                  
Eyres Mr. William Eyers 3 1           Francis Eyres born in 1786         Phineus Eyres married Frances Phippen in 1812, or could be William Eyres of Lyme Regis. Rents off Rickard. William Eyres owns house in 1815 27 Nov 1817 Ann Independent, Charmouth, Dorset, England            
Fipping (Phippen) George   1 1 38 1774             Henry 97,98 William Phipping appears on 1781 land tax. Fipping appear in united church. William owns a house in 1815               Frances Phipen marries phone us Eyres in 1812  
Gale Charles mason 1 3                                        
Good Joseph Rev. 2 4 76 abt 1736 22 Apr 1817 1808-1818     6       Mrs Good shown as paying Poor rates in 1815 for her own house                  
Goodling(Goodlands) Henry Laborer 1 2       1817-1830     2       Goodland                  
Gorge Digory Laborer 2 3 27 abt 1785 2 May 1861     Born 1785 in census     Digory 48,142-46                    
Gorge   Widow 4 1 29 abt 1783 14 Feb 1861           Martha   Martha Gordge Ann                
Griffin James Laborer 2 1 54 1758 23 Jan 1842           James                      
Hackman Joseph Gentleman 1 3 87 abt 1725 20 Apr 1816 1790- 1816     5       He owns a house                  
Harris John farmer 4 2     1830 1808-1831 Stanton   2       Farming Backlands in 1810                  
Harris Stephen Gentleman 1 5                   162 - 75 Renting a field from Ann Liddon                  
Hart George Gentleman 1 1 72 abt 1740 3 Jun 1824       4                          
Harvey George Inn Keeper - Fountain 2 2     1822 1806 1812     4       Renting off Davie and Gummer. Will 1822                  
Haskins Henry Thatcher 3 7                     John Haskins renting millers at Catherston in 1814                  
Hawkins Richard Inn Keeper 1 3 45 abt 1767 11 Jun 1830   5/6d   8       In 1815 he owns a house and cottage                  
Haycroft John Taylor 2 1             1       1819 will. He owns a house.his wife in 1851 census born in 1881                  
Hill Mary Widow   2                 Elizabeth 80 Elizabeth hill widow 1812                  
Hunter John Laborer 2 4 67 1755         2   John 82 Sail cloth weaver and fisherman                  
Juson William Gentleman 1 2 46 1766 1850   1/0d   1   William   1851 will owned Backlands farm - purchased by Scalch,brother of mrs Stuart of Court                  
Kitt Jacob Ridley Sail Cloth Maker 6 3             5                          
Lock Sam Carpenter 3 4 55 abt 1757 9 Jan 1830     Mathew     Robert                      
Lock William Laborer 1 3 73 abt 1739 27 Dec 1814       5   Mathew 80,185                    
Love James Butcher 4 3 60 abt 1752 13 Apr 1829   1/10/0 John/William 12   William 190,213 1830 will. Renting off Davie and Gummer, also owns a house                  
Loveridge Aaron Dairy man 2 3       1808             Aaron Loveridge married to mary,daughter, Sarh born in 1810                  
Newton Mary Spinster 2 4             8   Sophia   Rents from Puddicombe. Grave to mary Newton of Lyme Regis died in 1845                  
Norman Henry Laborer 2 4 46 1766             Joanna 43 Elizabeth Nirman in 1851 census born 1782                  
Oliver William Shoemaker 2 1                 Hariet                      
palmer William Butcher 3 6 38 abt 1774 16 Oct 1817   3/8d   2       He rents Wood lands from Puddicombe, owns his own house                  
Pattison Mr Gen. 1 8             5                          
Paul John House building             2/8d   6     67 He rents houses to Corbyn and Wilcox.                  
Poor House       5                                        
Potter John Shoemaker 5 3 55 abt 1767 12 Apr 1824   2/8d Waterloo house 2   Elizabeth 73 Own his house                  
Powell James Butcher 3 3 32 abt 1781 17 Oct 1846 Butcher     3   John 57, etc Robert Knight rents to him                  
Rickard Miss Spinster 2 3 52 abt 1760 23 Feb 1827   1/9d Miss mary 3   Mary   Elizabeth Richard will 1827. Have a number of properties, they rent corner building to William burnard                  
Rickard Miss Lodgers   2 56 abt 1756 19 Jul 1841       3       Mary Richard will 1841                  
Ridout Mrs     3       1813-14 5/-                              
Robins John Gentleman 2 5 66 abt 1746 15 Sep 1831     Esq. 10   Ann 183,184 1831 will Owns his own house and field                
Roper William Fisherman 2 4 55 abt 1757 9 Dec 1832                                  
Rudd Mrs Widow 1 8                                        
Russell William Shoemaker 3 4 49 abt 1763 10 Mar 1831   3/8d   2   Charlotte   Rents house from meeting house trustees                  
Shute Thomas Gentleman 3 5 66 1746 1814       9       1814 will,memorial in church                  
Smith Henry Miller 2 5           Edward 15   Edward   1826 will. Rents Mill Dr.Graves                  
Stokes Richard Gentleman 1 1     26 Oct 1820       1       1820 will. He owns a house                  
Symes Simon Gentleman 1 1 57 abt 1755 17 Mar 1820       4     47,68 1820 will, he owns a house   Grave in church.              
Symes Simon Lodgers   3                                        
Tozer   House -vacant         1828 Rev Isaac tozer 16/3d Miss 6       She rents part of Newlands to Slater. Owns Newlands in Catherston. Referred to as Miss Tozer in 1813 Land Tax rev. Tozer meeting house in 1792. Mary Tozer rents house from rev Good in 1813                  
Wavring(Waring?) Mrs     3                                        
Way William Mason 4 3 43 abt 1769 30 May 1813                                  
Webber Mrs     1 63 1748 11 May 1816   9/6d   3   Susannah   Sarah Webber George died 1811 sail cloth, she rents to Edmunds house and shop.grave in church yard                  
Welch F. Mantll Maker 1 3 38 abt 1774 11 Sep 1832 Dress maker           152 Frances Welch appears as a witness to a wedding in 1802 - 1813                  
West Richard Laborer 1 6 45 abt 1767 8 Jul 1840       1     83 1840 will, owns a house                  
Wheaton Philip Carpenter 1 5 34 abt 1778 26 Jun 1850   4/6d   7     78 Renting a house from mrs Coade                  
Whore Robert Laborer 7 3                                        
Wild John Laborer 4 3 66 abt 1746 15 Nov 1823           John 93                    
Willcox Mrs Widow   4         2/8d   5       Rents House from John Paul                  
Surname Christian Occupation M. F.
Baker Jacob Shoemaker 6 1
Bile Joseph Laborer 2 2
Bradbeer Joseph Post Master 1 1
Bragg William Surgeon 2 3
Browning Thomas Coach Man 1 1
Bugg Robert Laborer 3 2
Bull John Gentleman 2 1
Bullen Simon Gentleman 3 3
Burnard William Sail Cloth Maker 1 3
Butcher William Taylor 1 3
Channing Major Gentleman 2 4
Channon Maria     2
Clapcott Peter Gentleman 2 2
Clarke Mrs Widow 1 5
Clemens John Inn Keeper 4 5
Cole William Baker 2 3
Combe Brian Curate 2 3
Cood Robert Widow   2
Cook Amos Carpenter 1 3
Cozens William Laborer 2 3
Cozens Thomas Shoemaker 4 5
Dark Richard Laborer 1 4
Diment Benjamin Blacksmith 4 2
Diment Henry Baker 2 3
Edmonds Mrs     3
Edwards Mary Widow 1 2
Edwards William Butcher 3 3
Eyres Mr.   3 1
Fipping George   1 1
Gale Charles mason 1 3
Good Joseph Rev. 2 4
Goodling Henry Laborer 1 2
Gorge Digory Laborer 2 3
Gorge   Widow 4 1
Griffin James Laborer 2 1
Hackman Joseph Gentleman 1 3
Harris John farmer 4 2
Harris Stephen Gentleman 1 5
Hart George Gentleman 1 1
Harvey George Inn Keeper 2 2
Haskins Henry Thatcher 3 7
Hawkins Richard Inn Keeper 1 3
Haycroft John Taylor 2 1
Hill Mary Widow   2
Hunter John Laborer 2 4
Juson William Gentleman 1 2
Kitt Jacob Ridley Sail Cloth Maker 6 3
Lock Sam Carpenter 3 4
Lock William Laborer 1 3
Love James Butcher 4 3
Loveridge Aaron Dairy man 2 3
Newton Mary Spinster 2 4
Norman Henry Laborer 2 4
Oliver William Shoemaker 2 1
palmer William Butcher 3 6
Pattison Mr Gen. 1 8
Paul John House building    
Poor House       5
Potter John Shoemaker 5 3
Powell James Butcher 3 3
Rickard Miss Spinster 2 3
Rickard Miss Lodgers   2
Ridcout Mrs     3
Robins John Gentleman 2 5
Roper William Fisherman 2 4
Rudd Mrs Widow 1 8
Russell William Shoemaker 3 4
Shute Thomas Gentleman 3 5
Smith Henry Miller 2 5
Stokes Richard Gentleman 1 1
Symes Simon Gentleman 1 1
Symes Simon Lodgers   3
Tozer   House -vacant    
Wavring Mrs     3
Way William Mason 4 3
Webber Mrs     1
Welch F. Mantll Maker 1 3
West Richard Laborer 1 6
Wheaton Philip Carpenter 1 5
Whore Robert Laborer 7 3
Wild John Laborer 4 3
Willcox Mrs Widow 4
Total: 156 247